Ninth Amendment

Ninth Amendment of the Constitutional Amendments

“The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”


Justice Goldberg Wrote that:

“… the framers of the Constitution believed there are additional fundamentals rights, protected from governmental infringements, which exist alongside those fundamental rights specifically mention in the first eight amendments… The Ninth Amendment, in indicating that not all such liberties are specifically mentioned in the first eight amendments, is surely revenant in showing the existence of the other fundamental personal rights, now protected from state, as well as the federal, infringement. In sum the Ninth Amendment simply lends strong support to the view that “liberty” protected by the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments from infringement by the federal government or the states is not restricted to the rights specifically mention in the first eight amendments